How to connect external hard drive to WiFi router
A variety of routers nowadays have a USB port which can be used for connecting USB drives to share with other machines on your network. Once you’ve located the USB port on your router, go ahead and attach your USB external hard drive. Then, you can share an external hard drive by mapping it as a network drive over a WiFi network.
Step-by-step instructions to connect hard drive to router:
- You first need to find it in the router’s settings. Use a web browser on the WiFi network and type in the IP address of the router. Often it is 192.168.1.1.
- Log into the router interface and navigate to Settings. Open the ‘Drive storage’ tab. Right-Click on the desired drive and select the ‘Map network drive’ menu option.
- It’s advisable to give your drive a meaningful name for reference and then check the ‘Reconnect at sign-in’ option.
- Click ‘Finish’ when setup is complete. Your computer may need to be restarted to see the USB drive.
Pros: There are no additional hardware components or cables required to implement this method of sharing a hard drive over a network.
Cons: It is limited, however, by the range of the WiFi signal so will not provide remote access over great distances.
How to share a network drive in Windows 10
There are many situations where it’s helpful to share a drive on Windows 10 computers. You might want to share a collection of images, videos or music files with your friends and colleagues. Many times, a large external hard drive that is physically attached to a computer requires access by other network-connected machines.
Here are the steps to follow if you want to share a hard drive over the network with Windows 10 systems. The Windows account sharing the device is required to be an admin account. One issue that needs to be addressed before you start is to password protect the drive that you intend to share. When connecting the drive over the network you will be prompted to enter a password and a blank is not acceptable. Your best strategy is to secure your drive with a password.
On the computer attached to the drive:
- Share the drive with Windows Advanced Sharing by right-clicking on the drive and selecting Give access to -> Advanced Sharing.
- Enter the name you will use to identify the drive to network users.
- Choose Permissions and check Allow Full Control if you want to read and write to the drive from remote computers.
On the remote machine that will access the shared drive:
- Select Map network drive.
- Choose the drive letter you that want to give the shared drive and enter the IP address of the sharing computer and drive name you defined earlier in this format: \\IP_address\drive_name.
- Select the Reconnect at sign-in and Connect using different credentials options.
- You will be prompted for login credentials from the computer sharing the drive in the format IP_address\username where the IP address is the same used above and the username is the login on the sharing computer.
Add an exception to Windows Internet options to eliminate warning messages when moving data.
- Go to Control Panel and Internet Options.
- Navigate to the Security tab and choose Sites.
- Select Advanced and Add with the IP address used to map the drive.
Share storage through a high-speed USB cable
We will also show you how to use a high-speed USB cable to share storage between computers. The solution is compliant with both the USB 1.1 and 2.0. specifications. USB 2.0 is a good solution for sharing USB drives. You are, however, limited by the length of the cable which does not make this a viable solution for sharing devices with remote users.
The USB 2.0 protocol enables you to:
- Use a USB port to implement communication between two computers.
- Transfer data in both directions using a dual buffer at speeds over 15 Mbps.
- Use a single-chip ASIC Hi-Speed USB host to provide bus-powered communication from a USB port.
- Work in both Mobile PC and SOHO environments.